Science is looking in space for a planet for future emigration. They promise to find it in four years. But the search for brothers in mind is becoming less and less predictable.
– The search for Earth’s twin planets is motivated by a favorable final perspective. I believe that very soon we will find planets with favorable conditions for the development of life, – said Professor Michel Mayor of the University of Geneva, who leads a team of like-minded scientists to search for planets similar to ours in the universe.
It was this scientist who in 1995 was the first to discover extrasolar “Earths”. Today, more than four hundred of them are known. All of them were discovered only after about 15 years of observations.
– We are getting closer and closer to the prospect of finding an extraterrestrial object suitable for human life, – the scientist claims. – And this became possible thanks to rapid technological progress, which allows us to conduct systematic and increasingly detailed observations of objects located outside the boundaries of our solar system. This was written by The Telegraph on January 26.
The only doubt that gnaws at the scientist is that it is unlikely that a planet inhabited by intelligent beings will be found very quickly. At least, all the ones discovered so far are too big for any living creatures to survive on them. The Geneva professor told all this while speaking at the conference of the Royal Scientific Society in honor of the 50th anniversary of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). At the same time, the audience was filled with the most serious people – employees of NASA, the European Space Agency and the UN Office for Outer Space Affairs.
– Large planets, – reported Mayor, – most likely, have very active tectonic plates, which turns them into a strong turbulent environment. To date, the mass of the smallest exoplanet found is 1.7 times greater than the mass of the Earth. Another key factor, says the professor, is the distance from the star around which this planet revolves. If it is too close, then it will be very hot, and therefore all the water will evaporate from its surface, and if it is too far, then it will be an icy desert. But Mayor believes that sooner or later Kepler, NASA’s spacecraft that conducts the largest research outside the Earth’s atmosphere with telescopes, will find an object that meets the necessary criteria. The telescope has been in orbit around the Sun since March 2009 and is focused on the dense region of the constellation Orion in the spiral of the Milky Way. It monitors more than 100,000 stars every half hour and responds to changes in star brightness caused only by small planets like Earth.
Modern devices can find exoplanets only when they pass by their stars and black “dots” are formed on the stars, which are what these planets are. If, for example, a giant planet such as Jupiter passes in the immediate vicinity of the star, the luminosity of the star will decrease by about 1 percent, if it is a planet similar to Earth, then by only 0.0000086%. Professor Mayor named the terms during which the goal will be achieved: – I hope that within four years “Kepler” will find a planet of the same size as the Earth, which is in the “habitable zone”, – says the scientist.
Translated by AI